黑龙江五大连池旅游攻略联盟

泰宁世界地质公园简介(General introduction to the Taining Global Geopark)

泰宁旅游2018-08-03 16:03:11

地质公园全称

(The Name of the Geopark)

中国.泰宁联合国教科文组织世界地质公园(Tainning Global Geopark, China

地质公园坐标

(Location)

地理位置:公园所在区域为亚洲,中国东南部

地理坐标:经度116°54′00″E~117°18′11″E,纬度26°37′26″N~27°05′35″N

海拔高程:275~1858 m


Geographic location:The Geopark is located in Southeast China, Asia

Geographic Coordinate:Longitude: 116°54′00″E~117°18′11″E;Latitude: 26°37′26″N~27°05′35″N.       

Elevation:275~1858 m  

地质公园面积

(Total Area of the Geopark)

公园面积为492.50 km2。东西宽5-35Km,南北长65Km。

The geopark occupies 492.50 km2, which winds its way around 5-35 km wide in an east-west direction and 65km long in a north-south direction.

泰宁世界地质公园金湖园区

地质公园分区

(Geopark Zoning)

泰宁世界地质公园是一处以类型齐全的丹霞地貌、花岗岩地貌、构造地貌为特色,以良好的生态环境为载体,以悠久的历史文化为内涵,集科考、科教、观光揽胜、休闲度假于一体的,科学内涵丰富,地方特色浓郁,具有很高地质地貌科学价值和自然人文科学价值的综合型地质公园。


Taining Global Geopark is a synthesizing type park characterized by multi-morphometric Danxia landform, granite landform and tectonic landform, as well as wonderful ecosystem, rich historical culture connotation. It is an all-in-one destination satisfying purposes on science research exploration, scientific education, sightseeing, relaxation and vacation with its distinct scientific value and marvelous natural and humanistic value.  


公园由石网、大金湖、八仙崖、金铙山四个园区及泰宁古城游览区组成。


The geopark consists of 4 major scenic areas, namely, Shiwang Scenic Area, Golden Lake Scenic Area, Baxian Cliff Scenic Area and Jinnao Mountain Scenic Area and assembled by a sightseeing district of Taining Ancient City.


石辋园区面积为107.90 km2,包括天成岩、菩陀岩、红石山3个景区;

ShiwangScenic Area is 107.90 km2, including Tiancheng Mountain, Putuo Mountain and Red Rock Mountain. 

泰宁世界地质公园石辋园区--上清溪

大金湖园区面积为114.78 km2,包括丰岩、寨下大峡谷、金湖、猫儿山4个景区;

Golden Lake Scenic Area is 114.78 km2, consisting of Fengyan, Zhaixia Grand Canyon, Golden Lake, and Cat Mountain. 

泰宁世界地质公园金湖园区

八仙崖园区面积为64.10 km2,包括龙王岩、大牙顶和白牙山3个景区;

Baxian Cliff Scenic Area occupies 64.10 km2, comprising Longwang Rock, Dayading and Baiya Mountin.

泰宁世界地质公园八仙崖园区

金铙山园区面积为14.44 km2,包括白石顶、宝峰山2个景区。

Jinnao Mountain Scenic Area includes Baishi ding, Baofeng Mountain with an area of 14.44 km2. 

泰宁世界地质公园金铙山园区


其中,丹霞地貌景区252.74 km2,占51.3%,花岗岩地貌景区14.44 km2,占2.9%。目前,泰宁已开发上清溪、状元岩、九龙潭、大金湖、寨下大峡谷、猫儿山和泰宁古城等景点。


Among them, Danxia Landform areas account for 252.74 km2,51.3% of the total. Granite landform areas are 14.44 km2,2.9% of the total. Some areas have been developed for tourism purpose, like Shangqing Stream, Zhuangyuan Rock, Jiulong Lake, DaGolden Lake, Zhaixia canyon and Taining ancient city etc.

世界地质公园的样板景区--寨下大峡谷

主要地质遗迹类型

(Main Types of Geological Heritages)

主要地质遗迹类型有:出露齐全的中生代地层遗迹,动、植物化石遗迹,岩石矿物遗迹,典型清晰的地质构造遗迹和特色的沉积构造遗迹等。


Geological heritages include completely outcropped Mesozoic strata sequences, fauna and flora fossils, rocks and minerals, typical tectonic relics and sedimentary structure remains, etc.


主要地质遗迹及其价值

( Main Types of Geological Heritages and Their Value)

(1)中生代西太平洋大陆边缘活动带的典型地区  

公园在经历了华夏古陆形成与裂解、加里东褶皱造山、特提斯构造发展的地质背景基础上,中生代连续发育了晚三叠世、侏罗纪、白垩纪地层及新生代的新近纪、第四纪地层,有较完整的岩浆及构造活动记录,保存了完好的自晚三叠世以来包括地层、构造、岩石、矿物、地质地貌等重要的地质遗迹,展现了中生代西太平洋大陆边缘活动带形成、发展演化的过程。尤其白垩纪期间的拉张、裂陷,双峰式火山喷发,红层盆地的形成、发展演化及酸性岩浆侵入,代表了白垩纪西太平洋大陆边缘活动带一段特殊的地质发展、演化历史 。


Representative of the Mesozoic West Pacific Active Continental Margin  Tectonic Setting

The geopark has experienced formation and disintegration of Cathaysian plate, based on geological background of the Caledon Orogen, Tethys Tectonic Development, being the successive third era of geologic time, including the Upper Triassic, the Jurassic, the Cretaceous strata and Neogene of Cenozoic, the Quaternary stratum, integrated magma and the record of tectonism, it has been well-preserved the important geological heritages since the Upper Triassic Period, including stratum, tectonics, rock ,mineral, landform etc. It has presented the formation of West Pacific continental margin mobile belt in the Mesozoic period and the process of formation and evolvement. Especially, extension, rift-depression, bimodal volcanic eruption, the formation and evolvement of Red Beds Basin, evolvement and acidic magmatic intrusion during the Cretaceous Period, all of these has represented the special history of geological evolvement for West Pacific Continental Margin Active Belt during the Cretaceous Period.


(2)青年期丹霞地貌的典型代表  

公园内丹霞地貌分布面积252.74 km2,属中国东南沿海丹霞地貌面积最大的县份之一。区内丹霞地貌尚处于地貌发展、演化旋回的青年期阶段;发育以风化、水蚀、重力作用为主,岩溶作用为辅,多种类型并存的丹霞地貌。公园内发育有丹霞峰丛、峰林、石堡、石墙、石柱等正地貌,同时深切曲流、深切峡谷、巷谷、线谷及丹霞洞穴等负地貌更为发育且保存良好;负地貌特征极其突出,国内外罕见。泰宁是青年期丹霞地貌中发育典型、类型齐全、景观丰富、风景优美的地区,是青年期丹霞地貌的典型代表。峡谷及洞穴等丹霞地貌的深入研究成果,丰富、完善与发展了丹霞地貌的理论,也是研究较深入、研究成果丰富的地区之一。


Representative of Young Stage Danxia Landform  

The total distribution area of Danxia Landform occupies 252.74 km2; it belongs to the biggest county, which has Danxia landforms in coastal province, southeast of China. The Danxia Landforms in the geopark is still in the youth stage according to the evolutionary circle theory; The various kinds of Danxia Landforms are presenting in the geo-park, developing mainly on weathering, the water erosion, and the action of gravity, while the karst function as subsidiary. The positive landforms has developed well in the geo-park, such as Danxia peak-cluster, peak-forest, stone castles, stone walls, etc. The Negative Landform in the geo-park has been developed and preserved better than other Danxia landform sites, such as some Danxia Caves, including incised meander, incised valley, lane-valley, line-valley etc. The characteristics of Negative Landform in the geopark are extremely outstanding at home or abroad. The Danxia Landform in Taining County is the representative of young stage Danxia Landforms, with complete types, abundant landscapes and beautiful sceneries among the uncovered 650 Danxia Landform sits in china. The in-depth research results of Danxia Landform, including valley and cave, etc. have been enriched perfected and developed the theory of Danxia Landform. Furthermore, here is one of the areas with in-depth and abundant research achievements.

泰宁世界地质公园石辋园区--九龙潭

(3)独特的构造地貌遗迹

中国东南大陆边缘活动带裂陷系中最具规模的崇安—石城裂陷带,控制着区内中生代的火山喷发和岩浆侵入,以及断陷盆地的发生发展,同时控制公园地质地貌发育格局和单体地貌形态。公园是研究该裂陷带的典型地区,具有很重要的科研价值。

公园内发育大量中、新生代的断层和节理,成为控制丹霞地貌发育格局和单体地貌形态的重要因素;挽近时期相互交切的节理、裂隙,非常有利于研究新构造活动及新生代构造应力场和研究地质构造与丹霞地貌形成的关系,是进行科研和科普教育的重要场所。

此外,公园还有独特的构造地貌遗迹和丰富的火山喷发、岩浆侵入活动遗迹,以及古生物化石、矿物遗迹和古采矿遗址、古人类活动遗迹等,它们共同构成了一个内容丰富、特色突出的综合型地质公园。


Unique Tectonic Landform Heritage

There developed a large amount of faults and joints during Mesozoic to Cenozoic inside the geopark area. Those cross-cutting joints and faults are fundamental factors to control the developing pattern of Danxia Landform and geomorphic configuration of monomer in the geo-park; the joints, fractures developed in Neocene are ideal subject to study the neo-tectonics, tectonic stress field in Cenozoic and the relationship between the tectonics and the formation of Danxia Landforms, it is an important place to involve in scientific research and science popularizing.In the geopark, there is the largest Chong’an-Shicheng rift zone of the active continental margin in southeast China which controlled the volcanic eruption and magmatic intrusion in the Mesozoic Era as well as the development of the rift basin and subsequent landform formation. The distinct geological setting is highly related with the pattern of landforms and individual landform morphology.  The geopark is a typical subject to study the rift zone with great scientific value.

泰宁世界地质公园金湖园区--猫儿山

(4)丰富的火山地貌遗迹:

公园晚白垩世红层盆地下部发育酸性熔结凝灰岩、石泡流纹岩及玄武岩等,构成一套具双峰式特点的基性—酸性火山岩组合,是华南晚白垩世火山作用的典型代表,也是西太平洋大陆边缘活动带地壳伸展裂陷的具体表现,具有重要的保护和研究价值。公园南部还保存20余个早白垩世古火山构造遗迹和特殊的火山岩石遗迹,地貌景观独特,生态环境优良,可供旅游观光和科普、科考活动,具有巨大的开发价值和重要的保护意义。


Abundant Volcanic Landforms Heritage

Furthermore, there are abundant other heritages including volcanic eruption relics, magmatic intrusion, fossils, minerals, ancient mining relics and ancient human-being ruins. All those characteristics compose a distinctive integrated Geopark with rich connotation.

The acid ignimbrite of the lower part of Red Beds Basin, Rhyolite and Basalt in the Upper Cretaceous Period formed a combination of bimodal basic-acid lava, which is typical representatives of volcanism in the Upper Cretaceous and concrete behavior of spreads and rift-depression of crust in the West Pacific continental margin mobile belt. It’s worthy of protecting and studying. It is well-preserved 20 heritages of volcanic landforms and special lava landforms in the Lower Cretaceous Period in the south of the geopark, which not only have unusual tectonic landscapes and sound eco-environment for sight-seeing, scientific research and science popularizing, but also have important significance of protection.

泰宁世界地质公园地质博物苑

(5)多期岩浆侵入活动遗迹

区内加里东期片麻状石英闪长岩、二云母正长花岗岩,是典型的壳源型花岗岩;燕山中期正长花岗岩,属形成于大陆边缘活动带挤压环境上典型的同熔型花岗岩;燕山晚期石英二长岩(白石顶岩体),岩石含辉石并与长石、石英、黑云母、角闪石共生,属典型的混浆花岗岩,是大陆边缘活动带岩浆活动的特殊遗迹。因此,公园出露的不同时期的花岗岩均具有重要的科学研究意义和考察价值。 


The Heritage of Multiphase Magmatic Intrusion Events

The Gneissic Quartz Diorites, monzonite Orthoclase Granite in Caledon belong to the typical chitinous Granite; The orthoclase granite in middle period of Yanshanian comes from typical syenogranite under the compression of the active continental margin; As the special heritages of magmatic action in continental margin mobile belts, the quartz monzonite in the Upper Period of Yanshan mountain, including Diorites, Quartz, Biotite, Augite , hornblende, is the typical mixing liquid granite. So the Granites reveals in the different period have important significance for scientific research.

泰宁世界地质公园地质博物苑

主要历史人文景点

( Primary Historical and Cultural Relics)

公园所在的泰宁古城及园区附近,历史悠久,文化积淀深厚,人文景观资源丰富,具有较高的美学欣赏价值和历史文化价值。主要包括以下4种:


Geopark is located in Taining ancient city which has a long history and profound culture relics with high aesthetic value and historical and cultural value. There are mainly 4 representative types.


(1)古建筑:泰宁,素有“汉唐古镇,两宋名城”之美誉。全国重点文物保护单位尚书第、世德堂是至今保存最为完好的明代江南古建筑群;甘露寺建造工艺精湛,是我国寺院建筑史上的一大杰作,闻名中外。


Ancient Architectures

Taining boasts a reputation as “typical ancient town of Han and Tang dynasty, Famous city of North and South Han dynasty.” Shangshu Mansion is national key cultural relics protection unit, Shide Tang is the most well-preserved architectural complex in southern China;Ganlu Temple was built up exquisitely, which is a masterpiece in Chinese Temple construction history and well-known worldwide.

泰宁世界地质公园古城游览区--尚书第

(2)古遗址、遗迹:主要有新石器时代赤岭塍遗址、西汉末年炼丹炉基座、明代古城墙、宋代虎头寨、元代钟石寨、明末清初南石寨、宋元明清时期的古井,还有唐五代以来的古墓葬:邹勇夫墓、邹应龙墓、李春烨墓、丰岩寺和尚墓冢群、宝盖岩舍利塔群,以及朱德、周恩来旧居、东方军泰宁总部旧址等第二次国内战争时期的革命旧址。


Ancient archaeological sites and historical ruins

There are mainly neolithic Chilingteng site, alchemy furnace basement of the late western Han dynasty, ancient city wall, Hutou fortress of Song dynasty, Zhongshi fortress of Yuan dynasty, stone fortress of late Ming dynasty and early qing dynasty, Ancient wells,ancient tombs of Tang and Five Dynasties, Zou yongfu tomb, Zou yinglong tomb; Li chunye tomb; monks’ tomb of fengyan Temple, Groups of dagoba; the old house of Zhude(one of Chinese ten greart generals), Zhou Enlai(the first prime minister of people’s republic of china),Theformer site of oriental Army’s headquarters during the second Chinese civil war, etc. 


(3)民俗文化:保留至今已三千年殷商时期的原始傩舞,被视为古文化的活化石,被列入省级非物质文化遗产;“天下第一团”梅林戏,是我国稀有的地方戏种,已有三百余年的历史,被列入国家非物质文化遗产;流传民间的灯饰、灯舞,擂茶、湖上岩茶等,生动地折射了泰宁人民的生活态度。泰宁县博物馆内开辟了“古建文化艺术陈列馆”、“历史文物陈列馆”、“李春烨家居蜡像馆”、“泰宁元宵节俗馆”、“名人书画碑刻馆”,存有3000余件各类馆藏文物。


Folk Culture

The traditional Luo dance (exorcism dance) has been carried down from generation to generation, dating back 3000 years in Yin and Shang Dynasty. The exorcism dance art is known as the “Alive cultural fossil” and has been listed into Fujian provincial intangible culture heritage. Meiling Opera, kwon as the “Best Opera Troupe in the world”, is a valuable local opera. It has a history of more than 300 years and has been entitled to national intangible culture heritage.

The popular folk customers such as Lantern Ornament, Lamp dancing and the Ground Tea mirror a vivid the life attitude of Taining people. There are more than 3000 collections in the Taining County Museum, which are exhibited respectively in “artistry of ancient architecture exhibition hall”, “historical culture relics exhibition hall”, “Li Chuye family Wax Museum”, “Taining traditional lantern festival and folk-customer Museum” and “celebrities’ calligraphy and painting, inscriptions exhibition hall”.

国家非物质文化遗产:梅林戏

(4)丹霞文化:千百年来的泰宁历史衍变,都与神奇奥妙的丹霞岩洞息息相关,众多的丹霞洞穴,有的成了僧尼修行的圣地,有的成了学子苦读的净土,有的成了农人居家的乐园,有的成了灵魂安息的归宿,孕育了泰宁的人文历史,彰显出泰宁深厚的文化积淀,形成学子文化、岩寺文化、隐逸文化、穴居文化、崖葬文化等独特的丹霞洞穴文化群落。


Danxia Culture

Taining has abundant historical relics with thousands and hundreds of cultural accumulation closely related to the Danxia Caves, which is a historical record of how human took advantages of the natural resources. Some caves were Buddhist holy land for religion cultivation, some were natural classroom for students pursuing knowledge; some were farmers’ paradise. Some were peaceful tomb for ancestral souls. Those abundant cultural relics nourish Taining history and enrich its connotation, forming an unique Danxia cave cultural community including scholar culture, rock temple culture, seclusion culture, cave dwelling culture, cliff burial culture etc.    

南方悬空寺:甘露寺

公园网址、通讯地址

(Geopark Website and Mailing Address )

公园官方网站(中文域名):泰宁世界地质公园网,泰宁旅游网,

网址:http://www.taininggeopark.comhttp://www.tnlyw.cn

通讯地址:中国福建泰宁尚书巷1号,邮编:354400。


Official website of the Taining Global Geopark (Chinese domain) :中国泰宁网,

website:http://www.taininggeopark.comhttp://www.tnly.cn

Mailing address:No.1 Shangshu Lane, Taning County, Fujian Province, China

Zip code: 354400



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