黑龙江五大连池旅游攻略联盟

第五届亚太世界地质公园大会中英文宣传片及贵州织金洞世界地质公园双语介绍

织金人同城2018-04-29 07:28:49

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贵州织金洞世界地质公园介绍

BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO ZHIJINDONG CAVE GLOBAL GEOPARK

贵州织金洞世界地质公园,位于中国贵州高原西部,地处长江水系乌江干流上游六冲河岸坡地带,占地面积170平方公里,园区内地质遗迹丰富,总体可概括为11大类:岩溶洞穴遗迹、岩溶峡谷遗迹、岩溶天生桥遗迹、岩溶天坑遗迹、岩溶高峰丛遗迹、岩溶丘陵遗迹、岩溶单面山与象形山遗迹、岩溶水文遗迹、古生物化石遗迹、地层岩石遗迹和构造遗迹等,它们以下三叠统海相碳酸盐岩为物质基础,集中分布于织金洞、绮结河、东风湖三片相对独立,却又以绮结河为纽带紧密相连的喀斯特地貌单元,共同构成一个以洞穴、峡谷、天生桥、天坑为核心,集形态雄伟、典型、优美、珍稀的高原喀斯特景观,及丰富多彩的人文和生物景观于一体的综合性地质公园。

Zhijindong Cave Geopark is situated in the west of Guizhou Plateau in southwest of China, and is located at the river bank zone of Liuchonghe River, the upstream of main steam of Wujiang River, which is one of the tributaries of Yangtze River. With an area of 170 km.The Geopark has abundant geoheritages which can be generally classified into 11 categories: karst cave, karst gorge, karst natural bridge, karst tiankeng, karst high fengcong, karst hill, karst cuesta and pictographic mountain, karst hydrology, palaeontological fossil, stratal rock and tectonic geoheritage, etc. All geoheritages have been developed in the Lower Triassic Series marine carbonatite and distributed intensively in such three karst geomorphic units as Zhijindong Cave, Qijiehe River and Dongfenghu Lake as well, which are relatively independent and integrated on one hand and closely linked to each other on the other hand through Qijiehe River. These geoheritages constitute a comprehensive geopark integrating majestic, typical, beautiful and precious plateau karst landscape and colorful human landscape as well as biological landscape with caves, gorges, natural bridges and tiankengs as its core.

织金洞地貌单元,以织金洞地下河为发育纽带,总体属于已停止发育的化石型洞穴喀斯特地貌单元,以织金洞为主角演绎着织金的神奇、美妙和珍稀。洞内规模宏大的洞穴大厅,及类型齐全,分布集中,保存完好,珍稀、罕见的钟乳石,几乎涵盖了所有钟乳石的形成条件和环境,在世界上绝无仅有,使织金洞成为目前世界上洞穴大厅分布密度最大的洞穴,及世界上钟乳石分布密度最高、类型最丰富、珍稀形态最多的洞穴,具有喀斯特洞穴演化的系统性和完整性,是洞穴喀斯特申最为独特的自然美景和重要的美学价值区,是世界上最重要、最典型的喀斯特洞穴演化模式地之一,织金洞因此成为名副其实的”洞穴天堂”。

Zhijindong Cave geomorphic unit is developed on the basis of Zhijindong Cave underground river, generally belonging to a fossil type cave karst geomorphic unit which has already stopped its development. It shows the marvelousness, splendidness and rareness of Zhijin with Zhijindong Cave as its core. There are grand cave chambers and valuable and rare stalactites with complete types and intensive distribution inside the cave. These different types and shapes of stalactites are well preserved and almost covers all the formation condition and sedimentary types of all the stalactites. So far, Zhijindong Cave is a show cave with the highest chamber distribution density, and with the highest distribution density, richest type, most precious morphotype of stalactites in the world so far. It owns the systematicness and completeness of evolution of karst cave and is the most distinctive natural scenery and an important area with aesthetic value among cave karst as well as one of the most important and typical karst cave evolution sites. Thus, Zhijindong Cave deserves a name as “Paradise of Caves” .

绮结河地貌单元,以明暗交替的绮结河为发育纽带,总体属于地表与地下喀斯特正在相互交替发育的地貌单元,由峡谷、天生桥和天坑共同叙述着织金的雄伟和奇特。绮结河峡谷,河流明暗交替穿越其间,两岸群峰耸峙,雄奇峻秀。织金天生桥群,部分具有独特的双孔桥拱结构,总体呈上、下双层结构,是目前国内外唯一发现的巨型双层和双孔天生桥群。织金天坑群,是世界天坑分布密度最高的地区之一,其中大槽口天坑是全球容积最大的天坑之一。这些峡谷、天生桥和天坑,它们共生发育程度之高,分布之密集,形态之雄伟、奇特,在世界范围内极具典型性和代表性,对研究它们的系统演化与全球对比等具有重大的科学价值,是进行科学普及,展示喀斯特奇迹的重要基地。

Qijiehe River geomorphic units is developed based on Qijiehe River running underground and aboveground alternatively, generally belonging to a geomorphic unit, in which the surface and subsurface karst topography are developing alternatively. Jointly,Gorges, natural bridges and tiankengs present Zhijin’s grandness and peculiar feature jointly. Series of mountains stand on both sides of Qijiehe River, presenting a magnificent and dedicate scenery. Zhijin natural bridge group consisting of five natural bridges stretches over Qijiehe River Gorge with nearly a hundred meter’s height and height of arch. The natural bridge group, which is of double-layer texture (up and down) in general, is the only huge natural bridge group with double-layer and double-pore structure discovered both at home and abroad so far. Zhijin tiankeng group consists of 7 tiankengs and is one of areas in the world with the highest tiankeng distribution density, among them, Dacaokou tiankeng is one of those tiankengs with the largest volume in the world. Their high symbiotic development degree, dense distribution, grand and peculiar morphotype have great typicality and representativeness in the world. They are of great scientific value for researching their systemic evolution and global comparison. They are important sites to popularize the science and exhibit karst miracle to the public.

东风湖地貌单元,以地表明流六冲河和三岔河为发育纽带,总体属于正在发育的地表喀斯特地貌单元,则以水上峡谷-东风湖峡谷为主角展示着织金的自然和和谐,它长约38公里,最深处有500多米,大部分峡谷上部较开阔,多呈箱形,下部较窄,多呈V形,六冲河、三岔河两条碧绿的纽带横穿谷底,而两岸地层,或层层叠置,犹如城墙,或风化严重,形成一座座岩柱峰。她们或与丰富多彩的民族文化,或与多彩的植被及出没无常的鸟兽,构成自然、优美、和谐的自然生态环境,展现着大自然原始、雄壮、美妙、多姿和鬼斧神工的魅力。

Dongfenghu Lake geomorphic unit is developed on the basis of surface river-Liuchonghe River and Sanchahe River, generally belonging to a surface karst geomorphic unit which is still developing so far. It presents the natural beauty and harmony of Zhijin with Dongfenghu Lake gorge as its core. It has a length of 38km and a depth of over 500m in the deepest. The upper part of most gorges is very wide and in box shape; while, the lower part is pretty narrow and is in V shape. Two green ribbons, Liuchonghe River and Sanchahe River, transverse the gorge bottom. While stratum distributes on both sides of the river, some of them layer-upon-layer look like city walls, some of them has been weathered and form a number of rock pillar peaks. With rich national culture, colorful plants and elusive animals, they together form a natural, beautiful and harmonious ecological environment, showing the original, powerful, splendid, colorful and wonderful charisma of the nature.

织金洞、绮结河、东风湖三个地貌单元,分布着各种奇特、珍稀、典型、壮观的喀斯特景观,包含了所有喀斯特地貌的类型,并组合成雄伟壮观的多层喀斯特地貌,其中洞穴、峡谷、天生桥、天坑等是全球同类地质遗迹的典型代表和佼佼者,是一个能充分展现贵州高原喀斯特景观美景的杰出代表地,是贵州高原上最神奇、最美妙的喀斯特区域,系统完整的揭示了第四纪以来,贵州高原地表与地下喀斯特交替发育,形成多层喀斯特地貌的演化序列和过程,是贵州高原喀斯特地貌演化的杰出范例,具有非同寻常的自然美和科学价值,是地球上一处极好、罕见的喀斯特博物馆。

Various peculiar, precious, typical and grand karst landscapes are distributed over the above-mentioned three geomorphic units, which include all types of karst landform and are combined into the magnificent multilayer karst landform, and the caves, gorges, natural bridges and tiankengs are the typical representatives and outstanding sceneries in the world geoheritages of the same kind. It is an outstanding area fully representing the beauty of Guizhou Plateau karst landscape, and is also the most miraculous and wonderful karst area in Guizhou Plateau; it systematically and completely reveals an evolutional sequence and process that the surface and subsurface karst have been developed alternatively forming multilayer karst landform since the Quaternary Period; it owns extraordinary natural beauty and scientific value and is an outstanding example of Guizhou Plateau karst landform evolution. It is an excellent and rare natural karst museum across the world.

亿万年间,大自然在雕琢和保存织金喀斯特神奇风光的同时,也造就了良好、适宜的生态环境。织金,自古以来就是南方各少数民族的主要繁衍地,在保存、传承无数绚丽多彩少数民族文化景观的同时,也留下了良好的生态环境,成为多种野生生物的乐园。而地质公园多年的保护和开发,改善了当地的交通条件和生活水平,保护了众多神奇的喀斯特遗迹,提高了区域生态环境的保护水平,发展了旅游事业,完善了旅游设施,成为人们亲近自然、揭开高原喀斯特奥秘、观光、休闲度假的最佳目的地。

During millions of years, the nature has carved and preserved the amazing scenery of Zhijin karst, meanwhile, it has also created the good and livable ecological environment. Since the ancient times, Zhijin has been the cradle for reproducing many minorities in the south of China, and it not only preserves and inherits enormous and colorful national cultural landscape, but also creates a good ecological environment, becoming a fairyland for diverse wildlife. Furthermore, a few years’ conservation and development for the geopark has improved local transportation and living standard of the local people. Besides, many miraculous karst geosites have been protected, the regional ecological environmental conservation level has been improved, the tourist industry has been developed and the tourist facilities have been bettered, and it has become the best choice for people to get close to nature,understand the secret of karst on plateau,and travel there for sightseeing and on holiday.

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